Things I have learned
The title is self-explanatory~ you can learn a few things too
Crochet vs. Knitting
They are two different things!!!! People mix them up a lot which is ok
Crochet is a needlework craft where one knots and loops yarn over and over using one hook-tipped needle called a crochet hook/needle. Knitting is also a needlework craft, but it uses two knitting needles, which don't have hooks at the tips. There are many kinds of stitches that can be used in crochet but only two types of stitches in knitting. Knitting can be done by hand, on a loom, or by machinery, but crochet can only be done by hand (which I think is really cool). Crochet is also sturdier and is less likely to fall apart when a stitch comes loose. The opposite is true for knitting, which is one of the reasons why knitting is considered harder than crochet. Crochet is more flexible, and you can easily create details. Crochet however is more rigid, and knitting is more preferred for soft sweaters and such.
- uses only 1 hooked needle
- sturdier; less likely to fall apart (undoing mistakes is easier)
- can only done by hand
- rigid fabric
- easier than knitting
- uses 2 needles that don't have hooked tips
- less sturdy; can easily fall apart (undoing mistakes is more difficult)
- can also be done on a loom or by machinery
- soft fabric
- harder than crochet
Crochet stitches (US terms)
Basic terms that can help you understand crochet patterns at least a little bit (if you aren't into crochet; in case you are, then just treat this as a little review section ^.^ or maybe not because I can't guarantee that I will define them properly. heehee...)
Inside the parentheses are the abbreviations for each stitch that are used in written crochet patterns. Hollow bullets are instructions of how to make the coresponding stitch
- working yarn - the end of the yarn where it's still connected to the ball
- yarn over (yo) - get some working yarn onto your hook by moving the hook counter clockwise
- stitch (sts or st) - a stitch...
- slipknot - an knot that forms an adjustable loop; it's the starting knot and it is used to start a chain
- loop the yarn over your hook (tail end over working yarn), yo then pull through the loop
- single chain (ch) - a chain
- yo, pull through the yarn into the loop
- single crochet (sc) - the most basic stitch
- insert hook, yo, pull through, yo, pull through 2
- half double crochet (hdc) - it's really called like that... "half double"...
- yo, insert hook, yo, pull through (3 loops on hook now), pull through 3
- double crochet (dc)
- yo, insert, yo, pull through (3 loops on hook), yo, pull through 2 (2 loops on hook now), pull through 2
- treble crochet (tr)
- yo twice, insert, yo, pull through (4 loops on hook), yo, pull through 2 (3 loops on hook), yo, pull through 2 (2 loops on hook), yo, pull through 2
- slip stitch (sl st/ss) - used to move through stitches without adding any height, may also be used for joining and finishing projects
- insert hook, yo, pull through, pull through loop on hook (similar to single crochet but no second yo)
- Magic ring (mr/ring) - a foundational knot that creates an adjustable ring
- Picot stitch (pc) - a decorational stitch, forms a little bump
- ch3 (note: this means "chain 3"), sl st into the chain's base stitch
Super basic stitches
--- sorted by increase in height ---
Crochet stitches (UK terms)
Odd.. why are British... so be careful and make sure to check whether a pattern is in US or UK terms
|US term||UK term|
|single crochet (sc)||double crochet (dc)|
|double crochet (dc)||treble crochet (tr)|
|half double crochet (hdc)||half treble crochet (htc)|
|treble crochet (tr)||double treble crochet (dtr)|
Stitches too tight/loose?
Tight stitches can be a problem since it can slow down your work. You might be having to struggle just to get your hook in between the stitches, and when you finally forced the hook in, the jab your fingers will receive on the other side can get them really sore. To prevent this from happening again, it can be very helpful to use a crochet hook that's bigger than the yarn's recommended hook size. The bigger your hook size is, the looser your stitches will be, and vice versa (the smaller your hook, the tighter the stitches).
Having tight or loose stitches is not always a bad thing. Some projects are better done with either tight or loose stitches. Tight stitches are usually used for projects that are structured, such as amigurumi toys, meanwhile looser stitches are preferred for projects that are meant to be soft, such as sweaters and scarves. Loose stitches are bigger, which can increase the dimensions of your project, and tight stitches can shrink your project.
Bigger yarn is easier to work with, and is easier to keep its stitches loose. I really like milk cotton yarn since it's stretchy and soft. It also frays quite a bit which can be a bit of an annoyance when you are crocheting, but it's good.